执行root.sh时ohasd启动失败解决办法

在Red Hat 6.2上安装Oracle grid 11.2.0.1,执行root.sh脚本的时候出现一些问题,无法启动ohasd。

由于Redhat Enterprise Linux 6开始的启动初始化已由init改用upstart的方式,inittab只保留和支持运行级别的配置,其它配置放到了别的地方,oracle 11.2.0.1的grid在安装时执行root.sh脚本还是使用的init方式,会写启动配置到inittab,而11.2.0.1还是按照5的init模式配置。

实际上造成11.2.0.1在Red Hat6上安装错误是因为upstart/init不一致性,从RHEL6开始,/etc/inittab文件内容变了,只有默认的启动等级。而Oracle 11.2.0.1仍是按照以前的习惯把启动命令写在/etc/inittab文件中。

以下实验只适合用于测试与实验环境,生产环境强烈推荐使用Oracle操作系统认证的环境,比如Red Hat6上使用11.2.0.3版本。

执行root.sh脚本报错

# ./root.sh 
Running Oracle 11g root.sh script...

The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 
   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root.sh script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
2013-04-03 14:53:56: Checking for super user privileges
2013-04-03 14:53:56: User has super user privileges
2013-04-03 14:53:56: Parsing the host name
Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
/etc/profile: line 6: ulimit: max user processes: cannot modify limit: Operation not permitted
LOCAL ADD MODE 
Creating OCR keys for user 'grid', privgrp 'oinstall'..
Operation successful.
CRS-4664: Node oracle11gr2 successfully pinned.
Adding daemon to inittab
Failed to start oracle-ohasd, error: 
ohasd failed to start: Inappropriate ioctl for device at /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/roothas.pl line 296.

或者可能如下错误:

Adding daemon to inittab
CRS-4124: Oracle High Availability Services startup failed.
CRS-4000: Command Start failed, or completed with errors.
ohasd failed to start: Inappropriate ioctl for device
ohasd failed to start at/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/rootcrs.pl line 443.

CRS-4124: Oracle High Availability Services startup failed.
CRS-4000: Command Start failed, or completed with errors.
ohasd failed to start: Inappropriate ioctl for device
ohasd failed to start: Inappropriate ioctl for device at /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/roothas.pl line 296.

回退root.sh脚本操作

# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/roothas.pl -deconfig -force -verbose
2013-04-03 14:44:34: Checking for super user privileges
2013-04-03 14:44:34: User has super user privileges
2013-04-03 14:44:34: Parsing the host name
Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
CRS-4639: Could not contact Oracle High Availability Services
CRS-4000: Command Stop failed, or completed with errors.
CRS-4639: Could not contact Oracle High Availability Services
CRS-4000: Command Delete failed, or completed with errors.
CRS-4544: Unable to connect to OHAS
CRS-4000: Command Stop failed, or completed with errors.
/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/acfsdriverstate: line 51: /lib/acfstoolsdriver.sh: No such file or directory
/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/acfsdriverstate: line 51: exec: /lib/acfstoolsdriver.sh: cannot execute: No such file or directory
Successfully deconfigured Oracle Restart stack

步骤一:

方法1: 编辑$GRID_HOME/crs/install/s_crsconfig_lib.pm,查找if ($srv eq “ohasd”) { # Start OHASD)

# Start OHASD后方插入下列代码:
my $UPSTART_OHASD_SERVICE = "oracle-ohasd";
my $INITCTL = "/sbin/initctl";
 ($status, @output) = system_cmd_capture ("$INITCTL start $UPSTART_OHASD_SERVICE");
if (0 != $status)
{
error ("Failed to start $UPSTART_OHASD_SERVICE, error: $!");
return $FAILED;
}

最后应该如下所示一样:

# Check to see if the service is OHASD
    if ($srv eq "ohasd") {

        # Create the autorun file
        my $AUTORUNFILE = catfile ($SCRBASE, $HOST, $HAS_USER, "ohasdrun");
        open (AUTORUN, ">$AUTORUNFILE")
            or die "Can't open $AUTORUNFILE for write: $!";
        print AUTORUN "stopn";
        close (AUTORUN);
        s_set_ownergroup ($HAS_USER, $HAS_GROUP, $AUTORUNFILE)
            or die "Can't change ownership of $AUTORUNFILE: $!";
        s_set_perms ("0644", $AUTORUNFILE)
            or die "Can't change permissions of $AUTORUNFILE: $!";

        # Add OHASD to inittab

        print "Adding daemon to inittabn";
        s_remove_itab ("cssd|evmd|crsd|ohasd") or return $FAILED;
        system ("$INIT q");
        sleep (5);
        s_add_itab () or return $FAILED;
        system ("$INIT q");

        # Start OHASD
####################插在此处地方############################
my $UPSTART_OHASD_SERVICE = "oracle-ohasd";
my $INITCTL = "/sbin/initctl";

($status, @output)=system_cmd_capture ("$INITCTL start $UPSTART_OHASD_SERVICE");
if (0 != $status)
{
error ("Failed to start $UPSTART_OHASD_SERVICE, error: $!");
return $FAILED;
}
#####################################################################
        $status = system ("$CRSCTL start has");
      } elsif ($srv eq "crsexcl") {
        trace ("Starting Oracle clusterware exclusive");
        # Create the autorun file
方法2:在执行root.sh脚本时出现Adding daemon to inittab的时候,使用root立即执行命令: 

/bin/dd if=/var/tmp/.oracle/npohasd of=/dev/nullbs=1024 count=1
步骤二:
 vi /etc/init/oracle-ohasd.conf
# Oracle OHASD startup

start on runlevel [35]
stop on runlevel [!35]
respawn
exec /etc/init.d/init.ohasd run >/dev/null 2>&1 </dev/null

如果使用方法1,必须在执行root.sh脚本之前按照上述方法创建conf,否则执行root.sh也会无法通过。

如果使用方法2:则在执行完毕root.sh脚本后也必须创建,否则重启系统后无法自动启动HAS

验证:
# ./root.sh 
Running Oracle 11g root.sh script...

The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: 
   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root.sh script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
2013-04-03 14:45:16: Checking for super user privileges
2013-04-03 14:45:16: User has super user privileges
2013-04-03 14:45:16: Parsing the host name
Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
/etc/profile: line 6: ulimit: max user processes: cannot modify limit: Operation not permitted
LOCAL ADD MODE 
Creating OCR keys for user 'grid', privgrp 'oinstall'..
Operation successful.
CRS-4664: Node oracle11gr2 successfully pinned.
Adding daemon to inittab
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.
ohasd is starting
ADVM/ACFS is not supported on oraclelinux-release-6Server-3.0.2.x86_64

oracle11gr2     2013/04/03 14:45:50     /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/cdata/oracle11gr2/backup_20130403_144550.olr
Successfully configured Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server
Updating inventory properties for clusterware
Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking swap space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 4020 MB    Passed
The inventory pointer is located at /etc/oraInst.loc
The inventory is located at /u01/app/oraInventory
'UpdateNodeList' was successful.
[root@oracle11gR2 grid]#

root.sh脚本执行成功

按照方法一的实施方法,会net配置错误,在安装完成后还需要手动netca

所以比较推荐方法二

 

参考网址:https://forums.oracle.com/forums/thread.jspa?messageID=10885637
http://ibrisim.wordpress.com/2013/02/12/grid-infastrusture-11-2-0-1-linux-6-x-uyum-problemi-crs-4124-hatasi/

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